Supported Postgres versions

Anything on or after Postgres 12

Enable Logical Replication

You don’t need to follow the below steps if the settings cloudsql. logical_decoding is on and wal_sender_timeout is 0. These settings should mostly be pre-configured if you are migrating from another data replication tool.

  1. Click on Edit button on the Overview page.

Edit Button in CloudSQL Postgres

  1. Go to Flags and change cloudsql.logical_decoding to on and wal_sender_timeout to 0. These changes will need restarting your Postgres server.

Change cloudsql.logical_decoding to on

Changed cloudsql.logical_decoding and wal_sender_timeout

Restart Server

Add PeerDB Cloud IPs to Firewall

If you are using PeerDB Cloud, please follow the below steps to add peerdb ips to your network.

  1. Go to Connections section

CloudSQL Connection Connection Section

  1. Go to the Networking subsection

Networking Sub Section in the Conenction Section

  1. Add 3 networks for the IPs, and

Add PeerDB Networks

PeerDB Networks Added

Creating PeerDB User and Granting permissions

Connect to your CloudSQL Postgres through the admin user and run the below commands:

  1. Create a Postgres user for exclusively PeerDB.

    1.        CREATE USER peerdb_user PASSWORD 'some-password';
  2. Provide read-only access to the schema from which you are replicating tables to the peerdb-user. Below example shows setting up permissions for the public schema. If you want to grant access to multiple schemas, you can run these three commands for each schema.

    1.        GRANT USAGE ON SCHEMA "public" TO peerdb_user;
             GRANT SELECT ON ALL TABLES IN SCHEMA "public" TO peerdb_user;
  3. Grant replication access to this user:

    1.     ALTER ROLE peerdb_user REPLICATION;
  4. Create publication that you’ll be using for creating the MIRROR (replication) in future.

    1.        CREATE PUBLICATION peerdb_publication FOR ALL TABLES;

PeerDB SSH Tunneling Guide (Optional)

Sometimes to connect to your Postgres database you need to use an SSH tunnel. This is typically used when your database is not publicly accessible and you need to connect to it a jump server in your VPC. This is done by creating an SSH tunnel to the jump server and then connecting to the database through the tunnel.


Generate a key-pair

Generate a key-pair using the following command:

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "peerdb-ssh-tunnel" -f peerdb_key.pem

This will generate a private key (peerdb_key.pem) and a public key (


Add public key to your jump server

Add the public key to your jump server. This can be done by adding the public key to the ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file on the jump server.

# On the jump server
cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

Add private key to the connection

When creating a Postgres peer you can specify the option to use an SSH tunnel. There you will be able to provide the private key you generated in the first step along with the jump server details.

Create CloudSQL Postgres Peer in PeerDB

Through the PeerDB UI, create the CloudSQL Peer using the peerdb_user that you created in the previous step.

Choose PostgreSQL Peer

Peer Creation and Validation

Created Peer